LINGUIST List updated the list-server

Dear LINGUIST List subscribers,

LINGUIST List uses as list server software a system called Mailman.  You can read about Mailman on its main homepage.

Having received a number of questions about the list server, we have decided to put this brief overview together.

Our Lists

As you may know, in addition to LINGUIST and LINGLITE, we host and mirror a number of mailing lists.  You can view the list of all lists at the underlying link here.

The two lists that LINGUIST List maintains are:

    • sends out an email every time one of our editors approves a posting that was submitted to LINGUIST List from its users
    • it can be configured for every individual subscriber account to deliver a daily digest with the full email content
    • sends out one daily email with a list of issue titles and links to the full issues on the LINGUIST List website


To subscribe to one of these two lists, click ‘Subscribe‘ at the bottom of the left menu bar on the LINGUIST List homepage.  Select the list that you want to subscribe to on the subscription webpage.  This will take you to the subscription page for the list of either LINGUIST or LINGLITE.  To subscribe, fill out the ‘Subscribing to [list name]’ section.  Note that unlike our former software for mailing lists, Mailman requires subscriptions to have a password associated with them.

Accessing Your Subscription

In Mailman you can access your subscription settings yourself and change various options online.  You are fully in control of your subscriptions.  You can pause them, unsubscribe and alter settings like daily digest or full email delivery mode.  If you open the subscription page (LINGUIST or LINGLITE) you can click on ‘Unsubscribe or edit options‘ at the bottom of the page, which will take you to a new configuration page.

If you know your password for the list server and your particular subscription, put in your email and the password in the interface and click ‘login‘ to get to the account management page.

If you do not know your password, simply enter your email address and click on ‘Remind‘.  If you are subscribed with this email address, you will receive a password in your email inbox immediately.  If you do not receive any feedback from the list server in reasonable time, it might be that you are subscribed with a different email address.  See below in the next section for instructions how to identify the email address with which you subscribed to the list.

The settings for your account for the LINGUIST list offer different options: we are often asked about the Digest Mode and the Topic Filters.  When Digest Mode is set to On, subscribers receive one email a day containing the full text of every email that was sent out over LINGUIST.  When Digest Mode is set to Off, subscribers receive each email separately as they are sent out over LINGUIST.  Every message LINGUIST sends out is tagged by its topic area (jobs, calls for papers, books, etc.).  If you prefer only to receive messages from certain areas, just select those areas under ‘Which topic categories would you like to subscribe to?‘.


To unsubscribe, go to the LINGUIST List subscription page, select the list from which you intend to unsubscribe to get to the list subscription and management page.  At the bottom of the page click on the button ‘Unsubscribe or edit options‘.  In the new form type your email address in the field on top of the form.  You do not need to provide a password.  Simply click on ‘Unsubscribe‘ and check your inbox for a confirmation mail from the list server.  Confirm your subscription by either clicking on the provided confirmation link, or by following the alternative confirmation instructions in the email.

If you do not get a confirmation mail in reasonable time, it might be that

  • the confirmation email ended up in your spam mail folder, or that
  • you provided the wrong email address for unsubscription

This could be either due to a typo, or you might be using an alias of the real email address at the institution that provides you the email service.  It might be the case that you have moved from one institution or domain to another.  You email might be forwarded to the new address that you use now.

If you do not remember the email address with which you subscribed to the list, you should look at the detailed email header of one of the mails that you received from the LINGUIST List server.  Your email software should provide a function to display the detailed header for an email.  Most email software will provide a menu entry in the main menu or in the right-click context menu for this function.  In common email software like Outlook, Apple Mail, or Thunderbird you will find menu entries or options on right-click to display the full email header.  The email header should contain the full list of the path that the email took through the internet, as well as various other fields.  The most important field for your analysis will be the ‘To:‘-field.  This might be another email address that gets forwarded to your current email address, or it could be an alias of the email address that you currently use.

Use this specific email to submit an unsubscribe request in the above described way.

As long as you are receiving emails from the list server, you should be able to identify the email address from the header.  If you cannot identify the initial recipient address, consider consulting your local IT-personnel or a colleague or friend.  You might even have an option to save an email as a text file on your computer and open it up in a text editor to see the detailed email header.

There are various online instructions for different email client software to display full email headers:

You will find many more information sources by searching online.

Frequently Asked Questions

‘I can’t find my subscription.’ / ‘I unsubscribed and I am still receiving emails.’

More often than not, the email one thinks is subscribed to a mailing list isn’t.  If your subscription has been active a long time, it’s possible that your subscription is actually under a different email address that forwards to your current address.  This is especially problematic for academic email addresses where the domain is likely to change over the years (e.g. becoming

In order to identify the email address with which you are subscribed, you need to display the full email header of an email that you received from the mailing list.

See the section Unsubscribing above for more details and solutions related to problems with the unsubscribe process.

‘I’m not receiving any emails.’

First things first, make sure your emails are going to your spam folder (especially if you use Yahoo!).  If LINGUIST emails are being tagged as spam, be sure to remove them from from your spam folder so your email client learns that they are not spam.  If this doesn’t solve the problem, try adding us to your contacts.

‘I have been unsubscribed due to excessive bounces.’

This seems to be an issue with some Yahoo domains, but in particular with services that make use of the Trend Micro spam filter on their mail servers.  The list server is configured to automatically unsubscribe or stop mailing to accounts that bounce too many times the LINGUIST List emails (LINGUIST and LINGLITE, but also other lists that we host).  This is crucial to avoid unnecessary internet data traffic and also unnecessary data transmission costs to closed accounts or non-responsive servers.  New configurations of some Yahoo email servers seem to cause problems to many mailing lists, even ours.  Our list server has been configured to fully comply with the Yahoo requirements and specifications.  If you are unsubscribed automatically, you will receive an email about that.  Either follow the instructions to subscribe again, or consider changing the email service provider to avoid future automatic unsubscriptions.

If your IT-service (some Universities are affected) is a customer of Trend Micro (your IT-team will know), they should urge them to remove the LINGUIST List listserv from their “Bad” list.  Their filters list our list server as “Bad” (status Jan. and Feb. 2015), as you can see here.  We tried many times to communicate with them to remove our server from this list, unfortunately without success, not even with a single response to our request.  They are the only service that lists our server as spam or bad.  IT-services that make use of their technology will bounce emails from LINGUIST or LINGLITE and the subscribers will be automatically removed from the subscription list after a certain number of bounces.  If this happens to you, contact your IT-team at your institution and inform them about the situation.  Activate your account again with the list (by following the instructions in the unsubscribe email notification, or by simply resubscribing again) and consider changing the email service provider, if you get unsubscribed again.  We do not seem to have issues with any of the free or commercial providers in general (e.g. Gmail, Yahoo at, etc.).

If you have problems with the described processes or any additional question or issue, feel free to contact us.

Your LINGUIST List Team

Updates and new site

Dear LINGUIST readers,

the Linguist List site has been transferred to a new server and background technology. The entire software base of the site has changed, from the server operating system, the web server itself, and background data storage, all is wrapped and dressed now in new bits and bytes, running on up-to-date hardware, connected with high bandwidth.

The main goal for us – justifying the investment in such a challenging migration – was to improve the user experience, the stability and robustness of the service, and the future maintenance processes. The current state brings immediate advantages to you and the entire development, management, and editing team at LINGUIST.

As you can imagine, the site had to be rewritten, reconfigured, and to a great extend reprogrammed from scratch. This is always a source of errors and bugs, even though we perform a deep quality control processes constantly. We may, and surely do miss serious flaws and issues with browsers and systems that we did not recognize earlier. Thus, if you encounter issues with the site, please do let us know about those. We are working intensively to remove and minimize the number of bugs and improve the user experience. After the complete migration to the new server, we are now facing many small problems and issues with the site and code. Some of our readers already pointed out problems. Thank you all for that! We really appreciate your help and all hints about pages or tools that are not working correctly. Thank you all for your time and effort to help the entire linguistic community and us to improve the website and mailing services of LINGUIST.

You can mail us your comments, suggestions, questions, requests, and error reports to linguist, errors, damir, malgosia, lwin or the other editors at

Thank you for your support!

Malgosia and Damir

Server maintenance and system downtime August 2014

Dear friends, colleagues, and LINGUIST List subscribers,

the LINGUIST List website will be switched off for an hour to two at least once, maybe even twice, between the 5th and 7th of August 2014. The mailing list will not be affected by this, neither will the various blog sites and other information services (e.g. our social media pages or the RSS feed).

During the down-time we will migrate most of the pages to a new service. We would appreciate, if you let us know of any problems with the website after the 7th of August 2014. The site has been migrated to a new server platform, new operating systems, and a completely new software environment. The services of The LINGUIST List will not only be much more reliable and responsive after the switch, they will also be extended with new features during the next weeks. We hope that the new technological environment will significantly improve the user experience with the LINGUIST List pages and services.

There might be issues with existing applications and function that we missed during our quality control procedures. We might oversee some bugs and problems with new functions in the next weeks. Please help us correcting any issues or problems. Let us know of any errors by mailing to linguist or error, or the moderators directly at Your help, suggestions, ideas, and comments are always welcome!

Thanks for your understanding and support!

Malgosia and Damir


Fund Drive 2014- The Results Are In!


Fund Drive 2014 Results

Hi Everyone!

The Fund Drive 2014 is OVER! Thank you so much to everyone for another successful year! We stopped this year before reaching our goal because the end of the Fund Drive coincided with the beginnings of the move of LINGUIST List from EMU to Indiana University. Though the Fund Drive is over donations are welcome at any time and can be contributed here.

This year we received AMAZING support from linguistic communities all over the world. Notable among these were Russia making the Top 5 in the Countries Challenge and University of Washington, who unseated the long-reigning champion in the University Challenge, Stanford University! Want to be the winner in your Challenge category? Look for the Fund Drive 2015 notifications!

Here are the results from all of Fund Drive 2014 Challenges:

University Challenge: University of Washington; winner of Fund-Drive 2014 University Challenge
Runner Ups: 2nd place Stanford University; 3rd place University of California, Santa Barbara

Subfield Challenge: Syntax
Runner Ups: 2nd place Computational Linguistics; 3rd place Sociolinguistics

Company Challenge: Google
Runner Ups: 2nd place ABBYY; 3rd place Center for Text Technology (CTexT)

Country Challenge Top 10:

  1. USA
  2. Germany
  3. Canada
  4. Russia
  5. United Kingdom
  6. Switzerland
  7. Spain
  8. Netherlands
  9. Belgium
  10. South Africa

Again, thank you so much for your contributions and support!

OT  Faithfully Yours,

          The LINGUIST List

Changes at LINGUIST List

Dear linguists,

We have some news to announce.

The LINGUIST List is moving.

This will not affect the website or mailing lists. The postal address is changing, as well as our phone and fax numbers.

The new fax and phone numbers are active:

phone: +1 812 391-3602
fax: +1 888 908-2629

The phone-line now provides a voice mailbox. You can leave us a message outside of common office hours (8 AM to 6 PM, Eastern Time). You can also text us to this number.

The new mailing address is from end of June 2014 only:

Department of Linguistics
Indiana University
Memorial Hall 322
1021 E. 3rd Street
Bloomington, IN 47405-7005
United States

You can send all LINGUIST List related mail to this new address already now. From June on you should only use this new address.

Please update your address books.

The LINGUIST List has also a second moderator. Malgorzata E. Cavar is serving LINGUIST for a while now and has been nominated as a new co-moderator by the board of the eLinguistics Foundation end of May 2014.



The LINGUIST List Team!

Step right up and donate for your chance to win from Wiley Publishing!

Hello Readers!

Thanks to the recent donation from Wiley Publishing, we are able to give away not one, not two, but THREE books!

  1. Bhatia and Ritchie / The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, hardback, published Dec 2012 (was just honored as a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title!) 
  2. Sidnell / The Handbook of Conversation Analysis, pub Nov 2012 (bestselling reference work)
  3. The Handbook of Chinese Linguistics, JUST PUBLISHED, April 2014 

We will randomly choose a name from donations that we receive from today through 11:59 PM EST on Wednesday (April 30, 2014). Make sure to DONATE TODAY and show your support for both your university and your favorite linguistic field by associating your donations!

Today’s Prize: You Pick the Book!

Dear LINGUIST List Readers,

Have we got a deal for you! Today’s Fund Drive Prize is sponsored by Multilingual Matters, and believe me, you don’t want to pass this up! If you donate before 11:59 p.m. today, you could be one of six people who win the Multilingual Matters book of your choice! You read that right: you get to pick the book!

If there’s any title you’ve had your eye on for a while, you better donate today!

And you always get to pick which Fund Drive premium you would like to receive if you donate $35 or more!

Good luck!

-The LINGUIST List Crew

The 2014 Fund Drive HOGTION is underway!



We are pleased as pork pie to kick off our first ever LINGUIST List HOGTION! Join the to battle to save our most coveted and loyal office companions – the piggies! The array of cuteness, absurdity, ugliness and novelty is vast, but the cause is singular — support. What better way to show your appreciation to  all of the helpful and informative staff here at LINGUIST List than to make these little piggies fly! With a bit of luck, charm and generosity, you could take home some of this unique LL memorabilia.

Let’s meet our piglets

Although these quirky artifacts lack inherent monetary value, they are stuffed with the rich and playful history of the LINGUIST List! 100% of donations go towards our 2014 Fund Drive, which is funneled directly back into services that keep LL a global linguistic outreach.

By owning a piece of LL history, you can be reminded everyday that big changes start with small little pig things.

Donate today!

Featured Linguist: Stephen Morey

During the past nine weeks we have been sharing the most inspiring stories from linguists all around the world with our readers and subscribers. Today we are completing our journey with a truly motivating and encouraging story from our Featured Linguist Stephen Morey. Read below how Stephen became a linguist!

Stephen Morey with Jonglem Khilak

Stephen Morey with Jonglem Khilak

I have just returned from my twentieth field trip to North East India, documenting and describing the Tai, Singpho and Tangsa languages spoken in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, in the parts that border Myanmar.

Although I grew up in a monolingual community I’ve always been fascinated by different languages. As a teenager I wrote to the late Dr. Adam Murtonen at Melbourne University asking how I could go about learning ancient languages: Hittite, Assyrian, ancient Egyptian and Sumerian. He advised me to learn German first, because so much literature on these languages was in German. This advice disappointed me, and while I did learn a bit of German subsequently, I have never learned Hittite, well not yet.

Around the same time, feeling that someone who lives in Melbourne should know about this area, I went to the State Library of Victoria and copied out by hand word lists from books about Aboriginal languages, particularly Victorian Languages: A Late Survey by Luise Hercus. I met Luise about 30 years later and have been delighted to work with her on projects to combine her knowledge gained from native speakers of Victorian languages with the 19th century written records .

At age 16, however, I was seduced by music, specifically the mandolin, and for a decade and a half I concentrated on learning, and then performing, teaching and researching this instrument. Some friends and I formed a group to play mediaeval music, joined by Kate Burridge, singer, hurdy-gurdy player and Morris dancer. I used to listen with fascination as she told us in the coffee break at our rehearsal about her day job: linguistics, and her coming book on euphemism. So when in the early 1990s I developed some physical injury in my hand and had to abandon mandolin, I went to Kate to find out what linguistics was.

I had a year before I could start a University degree. I had researched my family history and learned that some of my ancestors were among the last speakers of Cornish; and then I learned that you can study revived Cornish and so with my spare time (not too much of that these days) I learned Cornish by Correspondence and passed the Gorsedh exam after which I was invited to become a Cornish Bard. It is an inspiration to put more effort into language documentation that my own ancestors spoke a language that was lost. But European languages were not really what I was looking for. By chance, one day I was marching in a huge demonstration against the policies of the then government and I met an old friend. “What are you doing, Gareth,” I asked and he answered “Learning Thai”. At once I decided to learn Thai as well.

After several years of a double major in Linguistics and Thai, I got me an overseas study grant for a semester at the Prince of Songkla University in Pattani, Thailand. I took three subjects (all taught in Thai), Principles of Thai Language, Thai Dialectology and Malay language (Introductory).

My dialectology teacher, Dr. Thananan Trongdi, had heard that my wife and I were planning a trip to India. He said, “Why don’t you go to Assam, there are Thai people there.” I thought Assam was closed to foreigners, as indeed it had been, but by October 1996 it was open and we went there, armed with a name: Nabin Shyam. On the day we arrived and met up with him, he said to us that he would be going to his home village in three days, if we wanted, we could come too. So on the night of 21st October 1996 I spent my first night in a village in Assam: Ban Lung Aiton village in Karbi Anglong District. More than 1000 nights in at least 40 villages over 20 field trips have followed that night!

The Tai people in India have their own writing system; it is based on the Shan alphabet which is itself based on Burmese, but it is unique. We had visited a second village, Namphakey in Dibrugarh District, and there I had mentioned to my hosts that I had learned how to make fonts (I called it ‘computer printing block’). Nobody in the village and ever seen a computer at that time, but they gave me a hand-copied book and a request to make the font. Back in Australia I thought it would be a good PhD project to learn about their language. So a year later I returned, with the font made and a laptop to work on. There followed 5 years in which I studied the Tai languages, then two fellowships over 4 years to work on Singpho, and for the last 7 years I’ve concentrated much of my effort on Tangsa.

Recording devices have changed much in that time. At first, with only my own resources to cover costs, I had just a small cassette player of dubious quality. Over the years sound recorders have changed from Cassette through Minidisc and Microtrack to the Zoom H4n and video from those with cassettes to those that use SD cards. I’ve recorded songs and stories and linguistic information in 5 Tai varieties, 4 Singpho varieties and (at latest count), 32 Tangsa varieties. Although the Tai varieties are all mutually intelligible, and the Singpho ones more or less so, the Tangsa varieties are very diverse and it remains a huge task learning enough about each variety to really understand what’s going on. The immense task of transcription, translation, analysis and archiving is ongoing and will go on for a good deal longer!

All along I’ve had two special interests: manuscripts and songs. Of the three groups I’m working with, the Tai have a long written tradition. Tai Phake and Tai Aiton communities still contain people who can read manuscripts, though not too many in the Aiton; but the Tai Ahom language ceased to be spoken 200 years ago, and the manuscripts, which are different from those of the Phake and Aiton, are hard to interpret. The problem is like this: Tai is a tonal language, with perhaps 5 tonal contrasts likely to have been present in Ahom. But tones are not marked and so a single written word can have many meanings.

Song language, in all three language groups, is equally challenging, differing in form from the spoken language to a lesser and greater degree. It has been very exciting to record songs, to learn about the context, and then record an explanation of their meaning and try to translate it all.

In North East India there are usually not places to stay in villages apart from someone’s house. So I’ve got to know many families in all the different communities that I have stayed in. Because I’m trying to learn as much as I can about the languages, it may sometimes seem to my hosts that I’m always working (it certainly seems so to me at times!). I have found that I can only really enjoy sitting and chatting with people when I have got good enough at the language to be able to chat easily. In my more recent work on Tangsa, because of its huge diversity, this hasn’t really happened, and these days the younger people are usually more fluent in English and so we end up using that. I wish I could learn each Tangsa variety to the level I learned Tai Aiton, but that would take several lifetimes.

Stephen Morey

Donate Today and You Could Be This Week’s Winner!

Dear LINGUIST List Readers,

We’re just itching to kick off this week’s Routledge Giveaway, so let’s get straight to it!

Anyone who donates this week is eligible to win either the title of their choice from Routledge’s Handbooks in Applied Linguistics series, or a one year subscription to their preferred Linguistics journal! For more details, please visit the link below:

Remember, the only way to be eligible is to donate!

And don’t forget that if you donate $35 or more, you’re guaranteed the Fund Drive premium of your choice!

Good luck!

The LINGUIST List Crew