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Meet our 2017 Interns!

This summer we have been joined by seven new interns, who are working on projects like redesigning our website, developing new speech corpora, learning the ropes of editing, and more! Learn more about them below. If joining the ranks of these brilliant young interns interests you, watch out for the opening of the 2018 application cycle next spring! In the meantime, you can learn more about getting involved with the LINGUIST List here.

 

Taitum Caggiano, who is pursuing her Linguistics B.A. at Indiana University, has been working on a few different annotation projects at the LINGUIST List this summer ranging from sibilants in Heritage Polish to voicing in Chatino. She is mostly interested in subjects related to Second and East Asian languages and is planning on teaching English through the Peace Corps after graduation. When she isn’t in the office or busy with other commitments, Taitum enjoys hiking, baking bread, and painting.

 

 

 

Julian Dietrich is joining us for his second year interning at the LINGUIST List. He is currently developing an application for our new website using Django. He’s excited about familiarizing himself with this technology, because he is entering his second year as an informatics major in the fall. In his free time, he likes to hike, travel, and listen to music.

 

 

 

Paige Goulding is working on the redesign of the LINGUIST List website. She is originally from outside Philadelphia, but is in Bloomington pursuing her Master’s in Computational Linguistics from Indiana University. Outside of academia, Paige enjoys writing, baking, dogs, and anything to do with Harry Potter.

 

 

Jacob Heredos is a second-year intern who has worked with LL-Map, MultiTree, and San Juan Quiahije Chatino. This summer he is applying updates to MultiTree and annotating the Chatino corpus. Jacob earned his BA in Anthropology, International Studies, and Spanish with a minor in Linguistics from Indiana University in 2016 and will be traveling to Oaxaca, Mexico, after leaving the LINGUIST List in September. In his free time, Jacob enjoys running, cooking, hiking, reading, camping, and learning languages.

 

 

 

 

Katharina Suhr is working as an intern for the Linguist List from July to October. She studied Information Management in Hannover, Germany. Before starting her Bachelor degree she finished an apprenticeship in a library and was part of a one year exchange from Germany to the US. During her internship Katha is working on the new webite and GeoLing. In her free time she enjoys reading, travelling and taking photos.

 

Daniel McDermott is working at LINGUIST List on the Texas German Dialect Project. He graduated with a BA in Linguistics from California State University, Fullerton and is looking to pursue graduate studies in the near future. His primary interests involve the study of language change, language contact, and historical linguistics. His research pertains to the Germanic languages, namely German and Norwegian, as well as other languages with which these tongues have come into contact. By aiding in the study of Texas German, Daniel hopes to glean insight into the world of dialect studies from a computational perspective, so as to apply this knowledge to future research efforts. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, writing, and drumming.

 

Sarah Robinson is a new editor at LINGUIST List, having started her training in spring 2017. She hails from Northern Nevada, where she attended the University of Nevada, Reno and graduated with a BA in English with an Emphasis on Linguistics. She is currently working on an MA in General Linguistics at Indiana University, Bloomington. Her research interests are mainly in the realm of historical phonology, as well as philology and manuscript studies. In her spare time, she loves to read, hike, learn interesting new things, and play video games.

 

 

 

Melanie Smith is also contributing to the Texas German Dialect Project. She is from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and will return to the University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee in the fall to start her third year pursuing her BA in Linguistics and German, and minor in Japanese. She plans to spend the spring semester studying in Germany, and to eventually pursue graduate studies in Linguistics. Her main areas of interest are sociolinguistics, language acquisition, and language pedagogy. In her free time, she enjoys playing the piano, baking, and visiting museums.

How do you say “The LINGUIST List” in your native language?

Dear LINGUIST List readers,

Thank you for reading us daily (or less often) through this blog, the website, the mailing lists, Social Media etc! We’re writing to you to tell you about an opportunity to leave your mark on the LINGUIST List website.

Did you know that our 1990’s website was developed by a team of enthusiastic Linguistics students under the wing of Helen Dry and Anthony Aristar (more about our history here: https://linguistlist.org/about.cfm#history)? As time goes by, it is time for us to develop a new look! And in fact, a new Website is in the making — have a peak here: https://new.linguistlist.org/!

We still have some work to do before officially launching it, and we’re now writing to you  to let you know about an amazing chance to contribute to the new LINGUIST List website!

Here is our question: how does our name, ”The LINGUIST List”, translate in your native language? We’re curious about all languages, official or not, remote and small or spoken by half of the world! If some would call your native language a dialect, we are still interested! (Note: we’re not curious about how it is automatically translated by a machine 🙂 please just send us your native language!)

To answer, simply follow this link to a very simple form: https://goo.gl/forms/tAcl9CL7fx6jsQwo2

Thank you for your contribution. We look forward to reading your answers!

Linguistically yours,

The LINGUIST List crew

 

New LINGUIST List services and settings!

We have activated automatic feeds of published issues, news, blogs, and other information to two more social media channels.  For a while now all LINGUIST List issues were emailed to the list subscribers and posted on Facebook, Twitter, and Google+.  The local events announcements made on GeoLing are displayed on the Geo-App online and also forwarded to these social media channels.  We have now reactivated the LINGUIST List blog on Tumblr.  And, from now on we also forward all issues and messages directly to LinkedIn as well.  This means, all conference announcements, job ads, book reviews, etc., will also be available on LinkedIn, Tumblr, and all the other social media sites.

The LINGUIST List page on Facebook has been verified and we added an opportunity to use a “donate” button and support the LINGUIST List operations.  The Twitter page is in the process of being verified or certified.

As you all know, The LINGUIST List provides an Amazon Echo / Alexa Flash Briefing service.  You can subscribe to the most recent announcements on LINGUIST List using your Alexa App, or you can select any combination of the specific posting areas.  If you want Alexa to inform you about new job ads or just book announcements, this is possible.

Another new setting affects all websites.  The new default setting at LINGUIST List is that all websites are using encryption in the default, that is, all URLs are redirected to “https”.  You should see a secure browsing symbol close to the URL in your browser window.

We are happy to provide you with good and secure service!

All the best from the entire

LINGUIST List Team

 

The Spring 2017 LINGUIST List Fund Drive is over! Thank you!

Dear Colleagues, Linguist List supporters, linguistics and language lovers,

The Spring 2017 LINGUIST List Fund Drive is over! With more than $ 40,000 donated by 814 of you, we’ve decided to close the Fund Drive for this season. We are so grateful for all of your donations, big and small, for all your support and letters of encouragement during this time — and the rest of the year, too! We could not keep operating without your enthusiasm and generosity. There is no Linguistics Online Community without Linguists actively involved.

This year’s Fund Drive received some amazing contributions from the crew at Speculative Grammarian. To them we are especially grateful! When we contacted the Chief Editor, Trey Jones, shortly before the Fund Drive, the whole team immediately jumped by our side and contributed riddles, puzzles, jokes and prizes, most of which you’ve encountered in our great Geoling Treasure Hunts! If you’ve enjoyed the fun they provided, there’s a lot more to be found on their website which is really worth a read (trust us): http://specgram.com/

We’d also like to thank our Advisors, who have collectively donated more than any institution in the challenges! They contributed with their donations, and also with their advice, and by cheering on the competitions. Thank you, also, to those of our supporting publishers who have generously donated the prizes for our lotteries, among others Edinburgh University Press, John Benjamins, Morgan & Claypool Publishers, Multilingual Matters, Springer and University of Nebraska Press!

Now after all these special thanks, we really want you, readers, to know how much we appreciate your donations, because without them, we wouldn’t exist. This support shows us that we are not alone in our cause. We believe that in today’s world, with the rising importance of social media and news at the center of our societies, maintaining a free, neutral scientific platform is truly crucial, it is in fact an obligation for all those who can contribute. In this age more than ever we need to, we have to use this great opportunity to be united as Language Scientists across the world.

We are aware that asking for donations once a year does not suit every wallet. So we now would like to make you aware of two ways you can support the LINGUIST List with smaller gifts, or even for free!

1) Becoming a recurring donor: with the instructions from this link, you can set up smaller donations to give us, for the amount and recurrence of your choice: http://linguistlist.org/issues/26/26-2068.html

2) AmazonSmile: this option will cost you nothing and make a big difference for us! You can ask Amazon to donate 0.5% of the price of your eligible AmazonSmile purchases to the LINGUIST List by shopping here: https://smile.amazon.com/ch/45-4211155! Just follow the link and make sure that your charity is set to the eLinguistics Foundation, the 501(c) non-profit organization that supports LINGUIST List.

And as always, if you cannot donate monetarily, you can help us out in other ways, such as liking, sharing, and re-tweeting our Fund Drive posts on social media. If you like LINGUIST List and have benefited from our free service, tell us and your friends about LINGUIST List!

Linguistically yours,

– The LINGUIST List Crew
Malgosia, Damir, Lwin, Amanda, Clare, Mike, Yue, Ken, Jacob, Helen and Robert

Announcing the 2017 Fund Drive Champions!

Dear Subscribers,

We did it!! We’ve met our Advisor’s Challenge, with $40,102.55 donated collectively by 805 of you!

Congratulations and thank you for helping us meet this Challenge! With the end of the Advisor’s challenge, also comes the closing of our Universities, Subfields, Countries and Regions Challenges! We’re now pleased to announce the 2017 LINGUIST List Fund Drive Champions:

University Challenge: Indiana University is the winner!
This was a VERY tight competition, so we’d like to express special congratulations to the Univeristy of Washington, our 2016 Champions, for such a close second place!
The Third place is held by Stanford University!

Subfield Challenge: For the second year in a row, the first place goes to Syntax!
Runners up: Computational Linguistics and Sociolinguistics! Congratulations!

Region Challenge: North America is in first place, followed by Europe and Asia!

Countries top 10:

After a long running tie, Germany and Canada have passed the UK!

United States of America (USA)
Germany
Canada
United Kingdom
Netherlands
Spain
Japan
France
Switzerland
Italy

Thank you to all for your participation in the Challenges, and Congratulations to the winners! In addition you’ve all won our sincere gratitude.

There are still a few days left to donate before the end of the Fund Drive, so if you would like to contribute to our cause, head over here: http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/donate/

Best,

–the LINGUIST List Crew

Exciting Prizes to win!

Dear Readers,

Thanks to all your support this far, we have passed 50% of our goal for this Fund Drive! Now with $38,831.76, we have almost reached the 40,000 needed in order to meet our Advisor’s Challenge!

This week, we are launching our FINAL LINGUIST List Lottery draw! For any donation you make, your name will be entered for a chance to win one of the following prizes:

1) Books 2 (Literacy) and 7 (Language Testing and Assessment) of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education, 2nd Edition, published by Springer

2) The book of your choice from Multilingual Matters (http://www.multilingual-matters.com) and a one year subscription to the journal Anthropological Linguistics, published by the University of Nebraska Press

If you donate more than $10, every extra $10 gets your name entered once more into the draw! The draw will take place on Monday, May 8, so you have exactly one week to donate!

Want to win a prize but don’t have any money to give? Just share the word on social media, by telling people why you appreciate the LINGUIST List with the hashtag: #whyIlovetheLINGUISTlist! For every post you tag with this mention, your name will be entered in a draw dor a chance to win this prize:

The Written Questionnaire in Social Dialectology, by Stefan Dollinger, published by John Benjamins

Finally, until we reach 40,000, our challenges are still running! Donate to support your team! Right now, Indiana University has passed Washington for the first place, and Syntax is in front of Computational Linguistics! Follow the challenges at the links below:

http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/subfield/
http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/university/
http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/region/
http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/country/

Thanks for your support, and good luck to all!

http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/donate/

–The LINGUIST List team

Do you have what it takes?

Dear readers,

As you may know, we here at the LINGUIST List are a competitive bunch, and we’re convinced that our readers are too. During this Fund Drive, we’ve shared mind-bending games and puzzles, as well as the annual Fund Drive challenges. We’ve called you to action in the name of your institution, your subfield, your country and global region. The competition in these challenges has been fierce–what else could we expect from our brilliant and ambitious user base?

Now, we have another challenge for you. Our board of advisors has generously pledged to donate $3600 to the LINGUIST List, on one condition: our readers need to DOUBLE that amount. But we thought that might be a bit too humble a goal for our readers… because we think you could even TRIPLE that. After all, there are 30,000 of you, and only 54 of them!

So now we ask you–do you think you can meet the challenge? We believe in you! If you think you have what it takes, visit our Fund Drive page to join the challenge TODAY.

Gratefully yours,

The LINGUIST List crew

#whyIlovethelinguistlist – Spread the Word!

 

Dear LINGUIST Listers,

Thank you to all those who have donated so far during our Fund Drive! We are happy to say we are almost to $30 000… a dollar for every one of our users!

However, donating isn’t the only way to support us! You can also help us by spreading the word on social media! Use the hashtag #whyIlovetheLINGUISTList to share with us and with your friends! We want to know about the time you found your first job through our Jobs board, the time you organized your conference with EasyAbs, the time you got feedback for your research through a Query post… whatever your success story, we would love to hear about it! We will share these stories on our pages on Facebook (linguistlist), Twitter (@linguistlist) and Google+ (+LINGUISTList)!

Post #whyIlovetheLINGUISTList today and help us get the word out about our Fund Drive! And if you haven’t yet, visit our Fund Drive homepage (http://funddrive.linguistlist.org) to read more about what we do and to donate today!

Gratefully yours,
The LINGUIST crew

Featuring: Yue Chen, LINGUIST List Editor

This week, we’re featuring Yue Chen, one of the five LINGUIST List Editors! Yue Chen comes all the way from China (find out all about her home town here ). By donating to the LINGUIST List (http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/donate/), you are directly impacting her academic career, by providing her with the support she needs to complete her studies. Here follow a few words from her to you:

 

Dear LINGUIST List subscribers,

My name is Yue Chen and I am one of the editors at the LINGUIST List. When you read about summer schools, FYIs, institutions and programs, or reset your password on LL, I am the human machine behind them. 🙂

I am an international student from Chengdu, China, currently pursuing a Ph.D. degree in Computational Linguistics at Indiana University. (Want to learn more about my hometown? Here it is: http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/pages/YueChen/) As you probably know, higher education in the US is expensive, especially for international students. Thanks to the LINGUIST List, I was offered an assistantship and was able to afford my (upcoming) Ph.D. degree.

This would not have happened without your generous donation. Thank you!

It is with your help that we can make the LINGUIST List a better service and Linguistics a even better discipline. Thank you!

http://funddrive.linguistlist.org/donate/

Yours sincerely,
Yue Chen

Featured Linguist: Nicoletta Calzolari

We are proud to share with our readers the next featured linguist of our 2017 Fund Drive: Nicoletta Calzolari. We hope that you enjoy reading Dr. Calzolari’s thoughts on her long and varied career as a computational linguist.

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It is difficult to write about myself, but it can be an occasion to relive some moments of my life. I am grateful to Damir also for this. Here some notes, with personal memories interspersed with moments of professional life.

The beginning: the role of chance

Immediately after I graduated in philosophy, with a thesis on Logical antinomies, I remember saying to myself: words, words, words, I have enough of words! I did not know, but my destiny was linked to words.

So many things in life happen by chance. I moved to Pisa from Ferrara for family reasons and I saw a notice for a grant at Pisa University in a completely new field: Computational Linguistics. I tried applying, knowing that it would have been impossible. But I won it. This was the beginning.

In Ferrara, studying philosophy

I started studying that new area … and I loved it. It was not just words! I also started, as an autodidact, to write programs by myself, in the language of the time: PL1. The Pisa Summer Schools that Zampolli organised (in the ‘70s and ‘80s) were very influential for me (as for many others): I met the most brilliant researchers and I found them fascinating. I did not know that I would have become friend with many of them. I just followed the first as a student, then I was involved in the organisation, and finally I gave some lectures.

CL was a young field, with many possible research paths. It was probably easier at that time: you could have a new idea and experiment it even working alone, without the need of a big group. It is different today.

Since then we made great advances, but the more we understand about language the more we see how many problems are still in front of us. And this is what makes this field so interesting and challenging: language is a very complex phenomenon.

The first steps: the most creative and innovative, from a research perspective

More and more science is driven by data and our field is not different. Natural Language Processing is a data intensive field. Major achievements come from the use of large Language Resources (LRs). But it was not always like that. At the beginning, in the ‘80s, we had to fight to recognise the value of working with data.

Probably I was one of the pioneers in the revolution of the ‘80s when LRs (i.e. linguistic data) started to be understood as critical to make steps forward, while before data were even despised. I started research at the time quite new: acquiring information from Machine Readable Dictionaries, instead of relying on linguist’s intuition. This became soon a trend, followed by many others in all the continents. Relying on data was a change in the research paradigm, in the sense of Kuhn.

With Nancy in Hong Kong

The great thing was that we succeeded in getting our first European project around this topic. Also this happened somehow by chance: I was discussing my work with Bran Boguraev sitting in the sun in Stanford and we had the idea of proposing a European project. We did it, and we got it: it was ACQUILEX, an ESPRIT Basic Research project that lasted 6 years and laid the foundation not only for stronger research but also for working relations with many interesting colleagues in Europe. Immediately after we had another research project, SPARKLE, probably the first European project aiming at extracting linguistic information from texts.

I understood, working on the first funded project, that I had to create the conditions for new research trends, that could possibly be funded afterwards. It was this way, through a virtuous circle, that we won so many EC projects, one after the other. I was involved – either coordinating the Pisa unit, or manging the whole European project – in more than 50 EC projects, in collaboration with hundreds of institutions all over the world.

There is more than research in science … or coming to adulthood

It was Antonio Zampolli who, in 1991, introduced the term “language resources” for our data: the term “resources” was meant to highlight their infrastructural nature (like electricity, railroads etc. for a country development). Some consequences derive from their infrastructural nature, among which the need to consider, in addition to research and technological aspects, also methodological and policy dimensions.

Working with data – expensive to create and annotate – made me realise that we needed to create the conditions to build on each other results. In 1991, I coined the term “reusability” to express the need not to start reinventing the wheel every time, but to re-use available data and join forces. It was the first step towards thinking at standards and interoperability. This term is reused today in the MetaNet Strategic Research Agenda: “2018: Ease re-use of linguistic resources in all parts of the data value chain across languages and sectors”.

The ideas and initiatives that led to the first European project on standards – EAGLES – were discussed at a breakfast table in Grosseto, during the Workshop “On Automating the Lexicon” (organised in 1986 by Walker, Zampolli and me). That Workshop was very influential: a Manifesto was drawn at the end, where the essential role of language data was emphasised and a number of actions were recommended: it laid the foundations for a large number of initiatives that took place later in Europe.

ELRA board meeting in Paris

In the ‘90s with Zampolli we also started to define a global vision of the field and its main components, identified in: creation of LRs, standards, distribution, and automatic acquisition of LRs. These were considered the main components of an infrastructure of LRs for Language Technology (LT). ELRA (European Language Resources Association) was founded in 1995 to take care of one of these components, distribution of LRs.

After those pioneering years, the importance of LRs for LT was recognised more and more, and the flow of data began. Today we have a LR community culture, also thanks to the many initiatives around LRs that we started, like ELRA, LREC, LRE Journal, CLARIN, FLaReNet, MetaShare. In the FLaReNet project we identified the major dimensions around which to structure our community recommendations for the future of the field: documentation, interoperability, availability, coverage/quality, sustainability, recognition, development, international cooperation. These dimensions – constituting the infrastructure around LRs – are at the basis of the current paradigm of LRs.

Acting on Policy issues for a (finally) mature field

Working with data one recognises the critical role of what is around data, i.e. of notions such as standardisation, sharing, openness, evaluation, interoperability, metadata, collaborative annotation, crowdsourcing, integration, replicability, integrity, citation. And the role of how to organise research work: we should create frameworks that enable effective cooperation of many groups on common tasks, adopting the paradigm of cooperative collection of knowledge so successful in more mature disciplines, such as biology, astronomy or physics. The relevance of these issues must not be underestimated.

Technical and scientific issues are obviously important, but organisational, coordination, political issues play a major role. Technologies exist and develop fast, but at the same time the infrastructure that sustains them must be created. The challenges ahead depend on a coherent strategy involving not only the best methods and research but also policy dimensions. The concept behind the relevance of policy issues and best practices around LRs can be synthesised considering “data as public good”.

I think that a coherent LR ecosystem also requires an effort towards a culture of “service to the community”, where everyone has to contribute. Adopting policies that go in the direction of Open Science must become common practice. This “cultural change” is not a minor issue. It was in this spirit that I introduced at LREC initiatives such as the LRE Map and Share your LRs as steps towards shaping an open scientific information space.

General chair at COLING 2016 in Osaka

Recently I started to advocate the need for reproducibility and replicability of research results – at the basis of scientific practice –  in our field. We discussed this issue at an ELRA workshop, where I pushed Antonio Branco to organise a workshop on these topics at LREC2016. The importance of the topic led me to think that we had to give a sign of its importance also in the LRE Journal: Nancy Ide agreed, and we recently decided to have in the journal a special type of papers devoted to these aspects.

I am proud to have the possibility – through ELRA, LREC and LREJ – to contribute to shaping an open scientific information space for the future of our field. I have always felt it is our duty to use the means that we have in our hands to try to shape the future. In this case to play a role in how to change scientific practice and have an impact on our overall scientific enterprise.

The importance of the people around you: few anecdotes

In my long path through LRs, I became friend with so many colleagues all over the world (almost all the leading figures of a generation) and felt their closeness in many occasions. Over the years I realised how this was influential to me: they somehow shaped me and sometimes it is difficult to disentangle the professional and personal life.

Just few sparse memories:

After my presentation at COLING 1982 in Prague, Don Walker invited me at a small workshop in Stanford. I was young and was sitting together with the most important people in the field, from Martin Kay to Sture Allen. Back in Pisa I thought I would never have again such a wonderful year! I was wrong. Since then I had so many wonderful opportunities, recognitions, much more than I deserved. Lesson: so many unexpected things may happen in life.

Preparing for LREC 2016 in Portoroz

From Zampolli I learned many things. I mention a simple one: you must both look at the details and be able to see the whole picture, projecting it into the future. I like both: precision and creativity. He had many visions for the future of the field, I hope I had some good ones too.

Ralph Grisham once saying at a workshop in Pisa: “You go to dinner with Nicoletta and standards come up”.

I like Facebook also because through it I exchanged memories with Chuck Fillmore in his last years, when he wanted to remember the past with his friends.

I was not a feminist when it was trendy. I did not react when an old important Italian university professor told me, very young, after a talk, “you are of a virile conciseness” thinking it was a great compliment. But after so many meetings with so many more men than women, I am more feminist now than when I was younger. I remember a meeting in Rome with the President of CNR, 36 people around a table, and me the only woman. I do not know why but I felt ashamed for them.

I was for a long time among the youngest in so many meetings, and then, all of a sudden, it changed. I realised it when Adam Kilgariff said: “Let’s listen to what Nicoletta thinks, she is always wise”. I saw it, wise and age: I was on the other side, among those with experience.

Recently a Japanese colleague told me: “You are really tough in negotiations”, but he said this with a smile so I hope it was a sort of compliment.

John Sinclair, many years ago: “You are very determined and really good in making many people work”. My parents always told me: if you want something you are so determined that you usually get it.

And I must mention my friendship with Nancy Ide, started when we were very young and consolidated over the years. We had many projects and have been to many places together, and now we exchange mails almost every day because of the LRE journal we are co-editors of.

Some recognitions

Once at a meeting at the European Commission, one of the EC officers introduced myself to the others as Mrs. Language Resources. Not bad. This explains the title I have given to these notes.

Preparing for LREC 2018 in Miyazaki

The motivation for being in the founding group of ACL Fellows says: “for significant contributions to computational lexicography, and for the creation and dissemination of language resources”. I took it also as a sign that LRs were recognised in the CL community. Something not given for granted few years before. And a sign that what we did had an impact outside the LR community.

When I received a mail from Bente Maegaard saying that I was proposed for an Honorary Doctorate in Copenhagen I was so astonished that I asked Sara if she thought it was a joke. It was not, and I was very proud to receive the Honorary PhD directly from the Queen of Denmark.

I was moved recently when the ELRA Board decided to make me Honorary President of ELRA. I was there when it started in 1995 and I served it for so many years in so many roles that I feel it is part of my life. The same I obviously feel with LREC.

Conclusion … with enthusiasm

I conclude with the final words I wrote for my invited talk at the 1st LREC in Granada in 1998: “At the end everything is tied together, which makes our overall task so interesting – and difficult. What we must have is the ability to combine the overall view with its decomposition into manageable pieces. No one perspective – the global and the sectorial – is really fruitful if taken in isolation. A strategic and visionary policy has to be debated, designed and adopted for the next few years, if we hope to be successful. To this end, the contribution of the main actors in the field is of extreme importance. Some of the events in this conference are hopefully moving in this direction.”

Despite my age, I still have the enthusiasm I had when I started, even more when I see that I am able to influence new strategic directions of research. I hope I was able to pass my enthusiasm to younger colleagues.

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Please support the LINGUIST List student editors and operations with a donation during the 2017 Fund Drive! The LINGUIST List needs your support!